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Catalogue: Traditional Program:
Biology

Biology (BIO)
Professor Waltzer, Chair
Professor Chestnut
Associate Professor Reese


The department of biology at Belhaven University seeks to encourage students to develop an appreciation for the created world, to make an impact academically, and to use their knowledge in service to society. Students are expected to develop a broad background in biological science as preparation for teaching, graduate school, and the health-related professions, government, and industry.

The department offers a major in the Biological Sciences and three additional concentrations in 1) Cellular and Molecular Sciences; 2) Ecological Sciences; and 3) Human Physiology.

The core requirements for the major (18 hours) include:

  1. BIO 105-106, 107-108
  2. BIO 369 or 370, BIO 342
  3. BIO 400, 401


Biological Sciences Major:
32-34 hours of Biology to include the core and the following additional coursework:
Four advanced courses 200 level or above (not including BIO 230, 231 265)

Biological Sciences Major Concentrations:
Cellular and Molecular Sciences: 37-38 hours of Biology to include the core and the following additional coursework:
BIO 369 and 370, 333 or 410, 336 or 371, and two of the following, BIO 320, CHE 371 or 372. 23-24

Ecological Sciences: 38 hours of Biology to include the core and the following additional coursework:
BIO 211, 310, 350, 336 or 371, 382

Human Physiology: 37-38 hours of Biology to include the core and the following additional coursework (BIO 230 does not count for majors credit, but is a prerequisite for SME 380. SME 380 and 420 count for majors credit in Biology in this concentration):
BIO 320; 336 or 371 or 410; 333; SME 380 and 420 (SME 380 requires BIO 230 and 320 as prerequisites) (BIO 231 and 265 recommended)

In addition to the core requirements, a biology major must take CHE 111-112, 113-114 and CHE 211; and a statistics course; either BUS 305, PSY 303, or MAT 305. Recommended for students majoring in Biology: PHY 241-242, 243-244; and CHE 212. Biology majors are required to take one semester of non-majors science: either BIO 125 or PHY 125. Students who enter having taken algebra and with an ACT 25 in the sciences may take BIO 105-106, 107-108 concurrently with CHE 111-112, 113-114.

In order to obtain a degree in Biology (or a minor in biology) from Belhaven University, a student must take a minimum of 16 hours in Biology from Belhaven University. In order to declare a major in Biology, a student must have completed eight hours in Biology at Belhaven University. For recommendations for professional, graduate school or jobs, see instructions given under “Pre-Professional Programs.” Within the Biology major, anatomy and physiology will count only as elective credit.

All rising juniors must take the Educational Testing Service Major Field Test in Biology. The test should be taken after completion of a minimum of 12 hours in biology at a time during the spring semester to be selected by the department chairman. The test will be used to aid in the advising and course selection process of the student. This test must be retaken during the senior topics course as part of the course grade.

Students will be required to have completed one semester of internship or research or mentoring to gain real-world experience. This may or may not involve course credit and may be fulfilled a number of ways; i.e. Health Careers Development Program; undergraduate research; internships at Voice of Calvary or Museum of Natural Science; Summer research programs; research at UMMC. Students may work with the chairman beginning as early as the end of their freshman year.

Biology Minor: 22 hours to include BIO 105-106; 107-108; 400; 401; and any three upper-level courses in biology.

Accelerated Second Degree Nursing Minor (Alternate Minor): This minor is designed to provide the prerequisite courses for any student who will complete a degree in any major and who would like to have the option to enter the "Accelearted Second Degree Nursing Program" at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. The required courses (17 hours) are as follows: BIO 230, 231, 265, PSY 240, 241, 303.

Honors Program: The Biology Department offers opportunities to enroll in honors courses from its department. The following are general education, elective, and major courses that may be taken as honors courses: BIO 105-106, 320, 336, 342, 370, 371, 382 and 411-412. For students majoring in this department, a student must pass a minimum of 12 hours of honors courses within the discipline and a minimum of nine hours from the honors programs of other departments. The student must take BIO 411-412 during the junior or senior year. Each course must be passed with a B or better. No more than 21 hours are required for the honors degree. For other honors program policies, see “Honors Program” under the “Administration of the Curriculum” section of the catalogue. Upon enrolling in the university honors program, the honors student must meet with the Department Chairman to determine a plan to complete the honors requirements for biology. For specific honors courses, the designation must be made during the registration.

Pre-Professional Programs: The Biology Department advises students for a number of programs in the health-related professions: Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, and Pharmacy. These programs and the pre-requisite requirements are listed in the current catalogue at http://www.belhaven.edu/academics/Programs/preprofessional.htm.

105-106 General Biology (3-3).
An analytical approach to the study of basic biological processes and principles as designed by the Creator; stress on the common foundation on which all living events are based. (Lecture 3) (Honors) (105, fall only; 106, spring only)
107-108 General Biology Lab (1-1). Prereq. or coreq: BIO 105-106.
Corresponding lab session for general biology lecture. (Lab 2) (107, fall only; 108, spring only)
125 Science & Culture II: Life Sciences for a Sustainable Future (4)
This course is an introduction to issues in Biology as they affect our lives and the natural world. The course will take a problem-based approach as we address issues of health, well-being, biodiversity, the environment, and scientific discovery and will focus on the practical application of this knowledge to our lives and a sustainable society.
Prerequisites for each course listed below: BIO 105-106, and 107-108, or the consent of department chairman and instructor, unless stated otherwise.
211 Botany (4).
A survey of selected nonvascular and vascular plants. Structure, function and ecological relationships of seed plants. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Fall, odd years)
230 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4). Prereq: BIO 105, 106, 107, and 108.
A study of cells and tissues, integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Course is open to students in pre-allied health programs, sport medicine, and dance. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) Dance majors who have received an ACT Natural Science score of 25 or above or SAT composite score above 1300 are exempt from the BIO 105 and 107 prerequisite, but not BIO 106 and 108. SME majors cannot enroll in BIO 230 without having first successfully passed BIO 105, 106, 107, and 108 with a C- or higher. (Fall only)
231 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4). Prereq: BIO 105, 106, 107, and 108.
A study of cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, digestive, metabolism, urinary, reproductive, endocrine, development, and inheritance. Course is open to students in pre-allied health programs, sports medicine, and dance. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) Dance majors who have received an ACT Natural Science score of 25 or above or SAT composite score above 1300 are exempt from the BIO 105 and 107 prerequisite, but not BIO 106 and 108. (Spring only)
265 Basic Nutrition (3).
Principles of food composition; diets: emphasis on the macronutrients and micronutrients. Personal diet management. Effect of diet on the human body. Not accepted toward the following: a major or minor in biology or the biology requirement for the B.S. degree in science. (Spring, odd years)
310 Parasitology (4).
A survey of the major parasite groups with emphasis on taxonomy, morphology, life history, and epidemiology. The survey will include both experimental and slide laboratories. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Fall, odd years)
320 Physiology (4). Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114.
A study of the functions of the major body systems: nervous, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, muscular, endocrine, reproductive, excretory, and digestive. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Fall, even years)
321 Neuroscience (4) Prereq: BIO 320 or BIO 336.
A study of sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, planning and executive function, speech, emotions, sleep and biological rhythm. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Fall, odd years)
333 Histology (4).
A microscopic study of major animal tissues: epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Spring, odd years)
336 Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates (4).
A phylogenetic study of vertebrates; representative species dissected and systematic comparisons made; survey of structure in the major body systems. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Fall, even years)
342 Genetics (4).
A study of the fundamental concepts of classical genetics and its historical development; an introduction to the principles and techniques of modern genetics. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Spring)
350 Introduction to Marine Biology (4).
A study of physical and biological aspects of the marine environment: emphasis on the major habitats and design of organisms for their environment. Survey of the marine phyla. Field trip to Horn Island. (Lecture 3, Lab 3, field trip)(Fall, even years)
369 Cell and Molecular Biology I (4). Prereq: CHE 111-112. Recommended CHE 113-114, CHE 211-212.
A study of morphology and function of the cell; nucleus, RER, ribosomes, and processes including replication, transcription, translation, cell signaling, cancer. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Fall, odd years)
370 Cell and Molecular Biology II (4). Prereq: CHE 111-112, Recommended CHE 113-114; CHE 211-212.
A study of morphology and function of the cell; Golgi, mitochondria, chloroplasts, membranes, cytoskeleton, and processes including transport, respiration, cell cycle, apoptosis. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Fall, even years)
371 Microbiology (4).
An introductory study of microorganisms: morphology, cytology, physiology, immunology, and control; emphasis on the prokaryotes. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Spring only)
382 Ecology (4).
A survey of physical, chemical, and biological interrelations in natural communities. (Lecture 3, Lab 3) (Honors) (Fall, even years)
400 Selected Topics in Modern Biology (1).
Required of all senior biology majors. Students will present powerpoint lectures and attend and participate in a series of student and outside speaker presentations. Includes review of recent literature and presentation of current topics in biology. (Fall)
401 Capstone (1)
Required of all senior biology majors. Themes related to biology and societal issues will be addressed. Educational Testing Service Major Field Test in Biology will be taken as an exit exam and part of this course. (Spring)
402 Selected Topics in Modern Biology (2).
Required of all senior biology majors. Students will present power-point lectures and attend and participate in a series of student and outside speaker presentations. Includes review of recent literature and presentation of current topics in biology. Senior status required: to be taken fall and/or spring of the senior year. Educational Testing Service Major Field Test in Biology will be taken as an exit exam and part of this course. May be taken twice. (Fall and spring)
410 Immunology (3). Prereq: BIO 320 or BIO 333 or BIO 370.
A study of the molecular and cellular basis of immunity: antibody diversity, B-cells, T-cells, antigen presentation, tolerance, autoimmunity, and transplantation. (Lecture 3, Lab 1) (Spring, even years)
411-412 Undergraduate Research (1 or 2/1 or 2).
Supervised research and instruction in a biological field of study for one full year of study. Open by request only to junior and senior biology majors. Offered by special arrangement with the chair of the department. Required of all honor students. (Honors). (411, fall only; 412, spring only)

Belhaven students may receive credit for biology courses given at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory at Ocean Springs, Mississippi.