Catalogue: Traditional Program: Chemistry
Associate Professor Bishop; Chair
Assistant Professor Carlson
Assistant Professor Walker
Modern chemistry is an interdisciplinary subject with applications to medicine, industry, and technology. Known as the “central science,” chemistry has either roots or application to every branch of science. This department emphasizes the fundamental principles of chemistry, biochemistry and chemical physics while developing experimental, analytical and problem solving skills. All of the courses in the Chemistry Department are grounded in a foundation of Christian ethics and stewardship for the development of sustainable modern communities.
A major in chemistry prepares the student for graduate studies, for industry, and for entry into the health professions. The mastery of analytical and problem-solving techniques also provides an excellent basis for a wide range of service, management, and leadership roles in society. Students will work hands-on with chemical instrumentation in our modern laboratories and may elect to increase the breadth and depth of their studies by choosing a concentration in either Biochemistry or Chemical Physics.
Chemistry Major: (1) 31-34 hours (16 of which must be earned at Belhaven University) to include 111-112, 113-114, 215, 216, 217, 218, 316, 317, 415 and 417 or CHE 416 and 418, CHE 421 and 423 or CHE 422 and 424, 2 hours total from 441 and/or 442, and 1-3 hours from the following: 351, 352, 413, 431, 432, 441, 442, 451 and 452. (2) MAT 207*; (3) PHY 241-242, 243-244.
Chemistry Major with a Concentration in Biochemistry: (1) 36-38 hours (16 of which must be earned at Belhaven University) to include 111-112, 113-114, 215, 216, 217, 218, 316, 317, 415, 416, 417, 418, CHE 421 and 423 or CHE 422 and 424, 2 hours total from 441 and/or 442, and 2- 4 elective hours from the following: 351, 352, 413, 431, 432, 441, 442, 451 and 452. Elective topics must be in subjects related to biochemistry and/or medicinal chemistry. (2) MAT 207*; (3) PHY 241-242, 243-244; (4) BIO 105-106, 107-108, BIO 375 and 377 or BIO 376 and 378. A minor in Biology is recommended but not required.
Chemistry Major with a Concentration in Chemical Physics: (1) 36-38 hours (16 of which must be earned at Belhaven University) to include 111-112, 113-114, 215, 216, 217, 218, 316, 317, 415, 416, 417, 418, 421, 422, 423, 424, 2 hours total from 441 and/or 442, and 2- 4 elective hours from the following: 351, 352, 431, 432, 441, 442, 451 and 452. Elective topics must be in subjects related to chemical physics. (2) MAT 207* and 208. A minor in Mathematics is recommended but not required; (3) PHY 241-242, 243-244.
*Note: MAT 207 will fulfill the Math requirement in the General Education requirements.
All Chemistry majors will be required to take the American Chemical Society standardized tests in General Chemistry and Organic Chemistry areas during their graduating semester at a time to be determined by the departmental chairman. Students electing for concentrations in Biochemistry or Chemical Physics (see below) will take an additional test in their subject area.
Those students who desire to attend a graduate school in chemistry should plan to take 36-38 hours of chemistry as well as additional courses in biology, physics, and mathematics depending upon the chosen area of specialization.
Chemistry Minor: 20 hours to include 111-112, 113-114, and 211-212, and one additional 4 hour laboratory course chosen from CHE 316 and 317, 421 and 423, 422 and 424, 413, 415 and 417, or 416 and 418. 12 hours must be earned at Belhaven University. Students majoring in sciences other than Chemistry requiring some combination of 111-112, 113-114, and 211-212 as part of their degree may be required to take additional coursework for the minor.
|111-112||General Chemistry (3-3).
A two-semester sequence that includes a study of topics such as stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, the states of matter, phase equilibria, kinetics, thermodynamics, ionic equilibria, and electrochemistry. (Lecture 3) (111, fall only; 112, spring only)
|113-114||General Chemistry Laboratory (1-1). Prereq. or Coreq.: CHE 111-112.
A two-semester sequence emphasizing fundamental chemical operations and the study of a selection of exercises demonstrating those principles discussed in CHE 111-112. The second semester includes a study of qualitative analysis. (Lab 3) (113, fall only; 114, spring only)
|215, 217||Organic Chemistry I and Lab (3+1). (formerly CHE 211) Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114.
A two-semester sequence that is a study of compounds of carbon including the functional groups, their nomenclature, synthesis, chemical reactivity, reaction mechanisms, stereochemistry, spectroscopy, and methods of structure determination. (Lecture & Lab 4) (fall only)
|216, 218||Organic Chemistry II and Lab (3+1). (formerly CHE 212) Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114.
A two-semester sequence that is a study of compounds of carbon including the functional groups, their nomenclature, synthesis, chemical reactivity, reaction mechanisms, stereochemistry, spectroscopy, and methods of structure determination. (Lecture & Lab 4) ( spring only)
|316, 317||Quantitative Chemical Analysis and Lab (3+1). Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114.
A study of the quantitative aspects of analytical chemistry and biochemistry including acid-base, solubility, oxidation-reduction,and complexation equilibria with emphasis in chemical titratimetric, gravimetric analysis, potentiometric analysis. Students are introduced to instrumental analysis and chemical separations. Statistical methods of data analysis are also covered. This is a laboratory intensive course. (Lecture 2, Lab 2)
|351-352||Chemical Research (1-2). Prereq: Instructor Approval.
A guided but independent exploration of a research topic decided on by the instructor and the student together. Students will explore the chemical literature and conduct original research on an approved project on and/or off campus. Students will be expected to present results of their work as a seminar to a group of faculty and students. This course may be repeated. (offered as needed).
||Biochemistry I: Biomolecules and Lab (3+1). (formerly CHE 411) Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114, 211-212.
An introductory course in biochemistry focused on the structures and reactions of biomolecules and biopholymers including; proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, hormones and vitamins. The function, thermodynamics, kinetics, mechanism, and regulation of enzymes, structural proteins, and transport proteins are covered in detail as is an introduction to basic glucose metabolism as a model biochemical pathway. The laboratory covers methods in the preparation of biological buffers, biomolecular concentration determination, protein and nucleic acid purification, enzyme kinetics, molecular modeling, bioinformatics, protein stability, and equilibrium binding. (Lecture 3 and lab 1) (fall).
||Biochemistry II: Metabolism and Lab (3+1). (formerly CHE 412) Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114, 211-212.
An introductory course in biochemistry focused on catabolic and anabolic reaction pathways utilized in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Topics include the process, regulation and integration of glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, the citric acid cycle, oxidative phosphorylation as well as selected topics in the metabolism of amino acids, lipids, and nucleotides. The structures of biological molecules are introduced. The laboratory emphasizes methods in organismal and cellular biochemistry, clinical correlations, biological and chemical informatics, and computer-based modeling of biological pathways. (Lecture 3 and lab 11) (spring).
|413||Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacology (3). Prereq: CHE 111-112, 113-114, 211.
An advanced course focused on the molecular and biochemical foundations of drug action. Special interest is placed on introducing students to single and multi-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationships (QSAR), computational analysis, bioassays, and the mechanisms of action of specific classes of drugs and natural products. Students are also introduced to the concepts of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs as well as pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. (Lecture only) (spring).
| 421, 423
||Physical Chemistry: Chemical Thermodynamics & Kinetics and Lab (3+1). Prereq: CHE 316 & 317 (may be taken concurrently), CHE 215 & 217, PHY 241-242, PHY 243-244 (may be taken concurrently) and MAT 207.
A course exploring the theoretical and experimental principles of gases, liquids and solids, solutions, reaction kinetics, chemical equilibria, phase rule, and catalysis. In the laboratory, students will explore chemical thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, bulk properties of solutions, and selected topics in molecular modeling and data analysis. (Lecture & Lab 4). (spring, odd years)
| 422, 424
||Physical Chemistry: Quantum Mechanics & Spectroscopy and Lab 3+1). Prereq: CHE 316 and 317 (may be taken concurrently), CHE 215 and 217, PHY 241-242, PHY 243-244 (may be taken concurrently) and MAT 207. A course exploring the development of the quantum mechanical view of atomic and molecular structure, spectroscopy, electrochemistry and radiochemistry. The laboratory includes topics related to exploring the application of quantum theory to modern spectroscopic and computational methods. (Lecture & Lab 4). (spring, even years).|
|431-432||Special Problems in Chemistry (1 or 2, 1 or 2). Prereq: Advanced standing in chemistry and consent of the instructor.
A course designed for individual advanced students that involves a combination of independent library-and internet research, lectures, and laboratory investigations of a topic or topics of current interest. (offered as needed)
|441-442||Chemistry Seminar (1-1). Prereq: Senior standing.
The senior chemistry major will research a topic of assigned or particular interest and present it before a group of peers. Emphasis is placed on the primary chemical literature and how to successfully present. (441, fall only and 442, spring only)
|451-452||Advanced Topics in Chemistry (3,3). Prereq: Advanced Standing in Chemistry or Instructor Approval.
A study of current topics taken from the areas including but not limited to: environmental, medicinal, clinical, theoretical, polymer, education, instrumental, or biological chemistry. This course may be renamed to reflect the nature of the course being offering in a given semester. (Lecture 3) (offered as needed).